Lately I’m hearing from a lot of my customers about technical support scams. These scams prey upon average users with limited technical knowledge, and can become pricey for the victims.
There are three different ways these scams may start:
The first way is by means of hijacking your web browser. (Actually, it’s a remote website that is hijacked, but stay with me here.) Say one day you are surfing around, looking for information about remote controlled cars or nursing homes or movies (or anything, really), and suddenly you have a scary message on your screen… Windows Virus Warning! or 149 Viruses Detected or something like that. The message warns that you should not shut down or restart the computer, and in large print there is a phone number that you are told to call for help. So you pick up the phone and dial…
OR perhaps you are already having a problem with your computer. Let’s say you have a Dell computer, and it’s not working right, so you do a search on the Internet for “Dell support.” Right there at the top of the page of search results is one that says Dell Support followed by a phone number. If you look carefully, it says “AD” next to the listing, but maybe you don’t notice, or the fact that it’s an advertisement doesn’t bother you (it should). So once again, you pick up the phone and start dialing…
OR MAYBE you aren’t even at your computer, but your phone rings. The guy (it’s usually a man) on the phone tells you he’s with Microsoft, or Norton, or some other famous technology company, and that they have determined that your computer is infected with something nasty…
All of the above situations end up the same way… you’re on the phone with someone who says he is a tech support specialist who wants to help you with your problem. As you are reading this, you’ve probably figured out by now that he’s lying, but sadly in real life too many people are taken in this way.
From this point, the script is much the same, regardless of how you got here. The tech tells you he needs you to give him access to your computer. He guides you to his website, where he helps you download and run the remote control software. Now he has control of your computer, and he begins a classic confidence game. He shows you legitimate files in your computer’s file system or messages in the event viewer or other technical things that you don’t know how to interpret, and tells you that they are signs of a terrible infection (or less commonly, other technical problems with impressive-sounding names). Fortunately, the tech can help you with this awful situation… you just have to pay him first.
Yes, of course, it’s about money.
If you have gotten caught by this kind of scam, the first thing you need to do is to have your computer looked at by a real technician. Someone you trust. Remember, you let the bad guy have control of your computer. You ran software you got from his website. He could have done anything to your computer… installed spyware, for instance. In my experience, I haven’t seen this happen very often; most of these guys are just in it for the cash payoff, and if they can’t get money out of you, they move on to the next victim. But it does happen, and if you do anything more with your computer than watch Youtube, you really should have it looked at.
More importantly, if you have any of the experiences I’ve described above, be careful! Never call a phone number just because it pops up on the screen! If you get a phone call where the caller says your computer is infected, I recommend you say “Thanks! I’ll get my computer looked at right away!” and then hang up the phone before he can say another word. If you’re looking for technical support with your computer, be really sure that you have a good phone number before you call. Better yet, call someone local for support, even if you have a big name brand computer.
The scammers are out there, and they’re always looking for someone to take advantage of. Don’t be their next victim.